Details

Interfacial Nanochemistry


Interfacial Nanochemistry

Molecular Science and Engineering at Liquid-Liquid Interfaces
Nanostructure Science and Technology

von: Hitoshi Watarai, Norio Teramae, Tsugo Sawada

154,69 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 30.03.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9780387275413
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 321

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Beschreibungen

The history of the liquid-liquid interface on the earth might be as old as that of the liquid. It is plausible that the generation of the primitive cell membrane is responsible for an accidental advent of the oldest liquid interfaces, since various compounds can be concentrated by an adsorption at the interface. The presence of liquid-liquid interface means that real liquids are far from ideal liquids that must be miscible with any kinds of liquids and have no interface. Thus it can be said that the non-ideality of liquids might generate the liquid-liquid interface indeed and that biological systems might be generated from the non-ideal interface. The liquid-liquid interface has been, therefore, studied as a model of biological membrane. From pairing two-phases of gas, liquid and solid, nine different pairs can be obtained, which include three homo-pairs of gas-gas, liquid-liquid and solid-solid pairs. The gas-gas interface, however, is practically no use under the ordinary conditions. Among the interfaces produced by the pairing, the liquid-liquid interface is most slippery and difficult to be studied experimentally in comparison with the gas-liquid and solid-liquid interfaces, as the liquid-liquid interface is flexible, thin and buried between bulk liquid phases. Therefore, in order to study the liquid-liquid interface, the invention of innovative measurement methods has a primary importance.
The history of the liquid-liquid interface on the earth might be as old as that of the liquid. It is plausible that the generation of the primitive cell membrane is responsible for an accidental advent of the oldest liquid interfaces, since various compounds can be concentrated by an adsorption at the interface. The presence of liquid-liquid interface means that real liquids are far from ideal liquids that must be miscible with any kinds of liquids and have no interface. Thus it can be said that the non-ideality of liquids might generate the liquid-liquid interface indeed and that biological systems might be generated from the non-ideal interface. The liquid-liquid interface has been, therefore, studied as a model of biological membrane. From pairing two-phases of gas, liquid and solid, nine different pairs can be obtained, which include three homo-pairs of gas-gas, liquid-liquid and solid-solid pairs. The gas-gas interface, however, is practically no use under the ordinary conditions. Among the interfaces produced by the pairing, the liquid-liquid interface is most slippery and difficult to be studied experimentally in comparison with the gas-liquid and solid-liquid interfaces, as the liquid-liquid interface is flexible, thin and buried between bulk liquid phases. Therefore, in order to study the liquid-liquid interface, the invention of innovative measurement methods has a primary importance.
Second Harmonic Generation at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- Vibrational-Sum Frequency Spectroscopic Investigations of Molecular Interactions at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- Observation of Dynamic Molecular Behaviour at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces by Using the Time-Resolved Quasi-Elastic Laser Scattering Method.- Direct Force Measurement at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- A Molecular Theory of Solutions at Liquid Interfaces.- Electrochemical Processes at Aqueous/Organic Solution or Aqueous/Membrane Interfaces.- Electrochemical Instability at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- Electron Transfer at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- Mass Transfer and Reaction Rate in the Nano-Region of Microdroplet/Solution Interfaces.- Single Molecule Diffusion and Metal Complex Formation at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- Molecular Recognition of Ions at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- Photochemistry at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.- Development of Surfactant-Type Catalysts for Organic Synthesis in Water.- Bioseparation through Liquid/Liquid Interfaces.
Devoted to Interfacial Nanochemistry, so it breaks new ground in collecting material that had previously been scattered throughout the literature
Also notable in that it is so cross-disciplinary, appealing to workers in analytical chemistry, colloid and surface chemistry, electrochemistry, laser spectroscopy, separation engineering, and interfacial organic synthesis

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