Details

Remote Sensing in Archaeology


Remote Sensing in Archaeology


Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology

von: James R. Wiseman, Farouk El-Baz

85,59 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 04.06.2007
ISBN/EAN: 9780387444550
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 554

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Beschreibungen

Archaeology has been transformed by technology that allows one to ‘see’ below the surface of the earth. This work illustrates the uses of advanced technology in archaeological investigation. It deals with hand-held instruments that probe the subsurface of the earth to unveil layering and associated sites; underwater exploration and photography of submerged sites and artifacts; and the utilization of imaging from aircraft and spacecraft to reveal the regional setting of archaeological sites and to assist in cultural resource management.
Over the last few decades, a revolution took place in our ability to observe and “explore” our home planet using spaceborne and airborne remote sensing instruments. This revolution resulted from the new capability of observing on a large, regional and global, scale surface patterns and features, and from using multispectral instruments to observe surface signatures not visible to the human eye, and to penetrate below the surface cover using microwave radiation. Over the last decade, this new technology is being brought to bear in the field of archaeology. As nicely and comprehensively described in this book, remote sensing techniques are bringing new powerful tools to help archaeologists in their quest of discovery and exploration. Even though this field is still in its infancy, the different articles in this book give us a glimpse of the things to come and the great potential of remote sensing in archaeology. The editors have brought an excellent sampling of authors that illustrate how remote sensing techniques are being used in the real world of arc- ological exploration. A number of chapters illustrate how spaceborne and airborne remote sensing instruments are being used to decipher surface morphological features in arid (Egypt, Arabia), semi-arid (Greece, Ethiopia, Italy), as well as tropical regions (Costa Rica, Guatemala, Cambodia) to help in archeological and paleontological exploration. They illustrate the use of surface-cover penetration with radars, high-resolution multispectral imaging on a regional basis, as well as topographic signatures acquired with spaceborne and airborne sensors.
Radar And Satellite Images.- Imaging Radar in Archaeological Investigations: An Image Processing Perspective.- Radar Images and Geoarchaeology of the Eastern Sahara.- Southern Arabian Desert Trade Routes, Frankincense, Myrrh, and the Ubar Legend.- The Use of Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) in Archaeological Investigations and Cultural Heritage Preservation.- Detection and Identification of Archaeological Sites and Features Using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Data Collected from Airborne Platforms.- Putting Us on the Map: Remote Sensing Investigation of the Ancient Maya Landscape.- Creating and Perpetuating Social Memory Across the Ancient Costa Rican Landscape.- Spaceborne and Airborne Radar at Angkor: Introducing New Technology to the Ancient Site.- Aerial Photography and Fractals.- Remote Sensing, Fractals, and Cultural Landscapes: An Ethnographic Prolegomenon Using U2 Imagery.- Geographic Information Systems.- Understanding Archaeological Landscapes: Steps Towards an Improved Integration of Survey Methods in the Reconstruction of Subsurface Sites in South Tuscany.- Remote Sensing and GIS Analysis of a Maya City and Its Landscape: Holmul, Guatemala.- Remote Sensing and GIS Use in the Archaeological Analysis of the Central Mesopotamian Plain.- Geophysical Prospecting and Analytical Presentations.- Ground-penetrating Radar for Archaeological Mapping.- Integrating Multiple Geophysical Datasets.- Ground Penetrating Radar Advances in Subsurface Imaging for Archaeology.- Landscape Archaeology and Remote Sensing of a Spanish-Conquest Town: Ciudad Vieja, El Salvador.- Urban Structure at Tiwanaku: Geophysical Investigations in the Andean Altiplano.- Geophysical Archaeology in the Lower Amazon: A Research Strategy.- Maritime Setting Applications.- Archaeological Oceanography.- Precision Navigation and Remotes Sensing for Underwaters Archaeology.- Cultural Resources and Heritage Management.- Applications of Remote Sensing to the Understanding and Management of Cultural Heritage Sites.
Whether deployed in space or on the surface of the earth, remote sensing instruments are increasingly becoming standard archaeological tools. Space age techniques have begun to accumulate a wealth of information and unusual evidence such as the presence of sand-buried courses of ancient rivers in the Sahara and the associated remains of human occupations. Perhaps as important, some have been able to gather priceless knowledge without disturbing fragile sites—a capability that is particularly significant in this era of conservation.
Remote Sensing in Archaeology illustrates the uses of advanced technology in archaeological investigation. It deals with hand-held instruments that probe the subsurface of the earth to unveil layering and associated sites; underwater exploration and photography of submerged sites and artifacts; and the utilization of imaging from aircraft and spacecraft to reveal the regional setting of archaeological sites and to assist in cultural resource management. In each case, the technical developments are explained first, followed by examples of applications as case studies.
Contributors are renowned experts from the international scientific community. Each chapter is composed as a self-standing contribution with a summary and an introduction to help the reader grasp the value of its contents. The book is profusely illustrated with graphs and photographs to explain the methodologies and results, so that the reader may better understand the principles involved and apply the knowledge gained to similar environments. Complete lists of references cited will also allow the reader to investigate more deeply the problems and findings.

"This book provides an excellent and diverse overview of the emerging capability of remote sensing archaeology and is a very valuable and important text for archaeologists in their quest to use advanced technology to help in their studies of exploration, and for remote sensing technologists and scientists by giving them a good understanding of the challenges that archaeologists find in their endeavors. The editors are to be applauded for bringing together such an excellent collection of authors and articles to cover this important emerging field."—Charles Elachi, Director, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA), Pasadena, California
Covers the breadth of remote sensing that is applicable to archaeology including satellite images, GIS, ground-penetrating radar, and maritime settingsThe cases included are international and covers sensing in arid, semi-arid and tropical regions
This book illustrates the uses of advanced technology in archaeological investigation. It deals with hand-held instruments that probe the subsurface of the earth to unveil layering and associated sites; underwater exploration and photography of submerged sites and artifacts; and the utilization of imaging from aircraft and spacecraft to reveal the regional setting of archaeological sites and to assist in cultural resource management. In each case, the technical developments are explained first, followed by examples of applications as case studies. The book is profusely illustrated with graphs and photographs to explain the methodologies and results, so that the reader may better understand the principles involved and apply the knowledge gained to similar environments.

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